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MCQ’s in income from business and profession for preparation of CA Inter, CA IPCC, CMA Inter, CS Executive Programme.

mock test in income from business and profession

Subject :- Taxation

Chapter :- Profits and Gains of Business or Profession  – Test 1

Questions :- 30

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The following incomes are chargeable to tax under the head income from business and profession

S. No.

Section

Particulars

1.

28(i)

Profit and gains from any business or profession carried on by the assessee at any time during the previous year

2.

28(ii)

Any compensation or other payment due to or received by any specified person

3.

28(iii)

Income derived by a trade, professional or similar association from specific services performed for its members

4.

28(iiia)

Profit on sale of a license granted under the Imports (Control) Order 1955, made under the Import Export Control Act, 1947

5.

28(iiib)

Cash assistance (by whatever name called) received or receivable by any person against exports under any scheme of Government of India

6.

28(iiic)

Any duty of Customs or Excise repaid or repayable as drawback to any person against exports under the Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules, 1971.

7.

28(iiid)

Profit on transfer of Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme, under Section 5 of Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992

8.

28(iiie)

Profit on transfer of Duty Free Replenishment Certificate, under Section 5 of Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act 1992

9.

28(iv)

Value of any benefits or perquisites arising from a business or the exercise of a profession.

10.

28(v)

Interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration due to or received by a partner from partnership firm

11.

28(va)

 a) Any sum received or receivable for not carrying out any activity in relation to any business or profession; or

 b) Any sum received or receivable for not sharing any know-how, patent, copyright, trademark, licence, franchise, or any other business or commercial right or information or technique likely to assist in the manufacture of goods or provision of services.

12.

28(vi)

Any sum received under a Key man Insurance policy including the sum of bonus on such policy

12A. 28(via) Any profit or gains arising from conversion of inventory into capital asset.

13.

28(vii)

Any sum received ( or receivable) in cash or in kind, on account of any capital assets (other than land or goodwill or financial instrument) being demolished, destroyed, discarded or transferred, if the whole of the expenditure on such capital assets has been allowed as a deduction under section 35AD

14.

Explanation to section 28

Income from speculative transactions. However, it shall be deemed to be distinct and separate from any other business.

15.

41(1)

• Remission or cessation of liability in respect of any loss, expenditure or trading liability incurred by the taxpayers

• Recovery of trading liability by successor which was allowed to the predecessor shall be chargeable to tax in the hands of successor. Succession could be due to amalgamation or demerger or succession of a firm succeeded by another firm or company, etc.

• Any liability which is unilaterally written off by the taxpayer from the books of accounts shall be deemed as remission or cessation of such liability and shall be chargeable to tax.

16.

41(2)

Depreciable asset in case of power generating units, is sold, discarded, demolished or destroyed, the amount by which sale consideration and/ or insurance compensation together with scrap value exceeds its WDV shall be chargeable to tax.

17.

41(3)

Where any capital asset used in scientific research is sold without having been used for other purposes and the sale proceeds together with the amount of deduction allowed under section 35 exceed the amount of the capital expenditure, such surplus or the amount of deduction allowed, whichever is less, is chargeable to tax as business income in the year in which the sale took place.

18.

41(4)

Where bad debts have been allowed as deduction under Section 36(1)(vii) in earlier years, any recovery of same shall be chargeable to tax.

19.

41(4A)

Amount withdrawn from special reserves created and maintained under Section 36(1)(viii) shall be chargeable as income in the previous year in which the amount is withdrawn.

20.

41(5)

Loss of a discontinued business or profession could be adjusted from the deemed business income as referred to in section 41(1)41(3), (4) or (4A) without any time limit.

20A. 43AA Any foreign exchange gain or loss arising in respect of specified foreign currency transactions shall be treated as income or loss. Such gain or loss shall be computed in accordance with notified ICDS [subject to Section 43A]

21.

43CA

Where consideration for transfer of land or building or both as stock-in-trade is less than the stamp duty value, the value so adopted shall be deemed to be the full value of consideration for the purpose of computing income under this head.

However, no such adjustment is required to be made if value adopted for stamp duty purposes does not exceed 110% of the sale consideration.

21A. 43CB

The profits and gains arising from construction contract or a contract for providing service is to be determined on the basis of percentage completion method, in accordance with the notified ICDS.

In case of contract for providing services with duration of not more than 90 days, the profits and gains shall be determined on basis of project completion method.

While as in case of contract for providing services with indeterminate number of acts over a specified period of time shall be determined on basis of straight line method.

22

Assistance in the form of a subsidy or grant or cash incentive or duty drawback or waiver or concession or reimbursement (by whatever name called) by the Central Govt. or State Govt. or any authority or body or agency to the assessee would be included in definition of income as referred to in Section 2(24). However, in the following cases subsidy or grant shall not be treated as income:

 i)  The subsidy or grant or reimbursement which is taken into account for determination of the actual cost of the asset in accordance with the provisions of Explanation 10 to clause (1) of Section 43;

 ii)  The subsidy or grant by the Central Government for the purpose of the corpus of a trust or institution established by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be.